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2013 - The Uprising of 1863

PostPosted:Mon Mar 25, 2013 12:02 pm
by Audrius
Name: “THE 150th ANNIVERSARY OF the UPRISING OF 1863”
Issue date: 2013 03 23

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641 1.35 Lt – the 150th anniversary of the uprising of 1863.

This year marks the 150th anniversary of the biggest uprising of the Lithuanian-Polish Commonwealth against the Russian Empire. The stamp features a fragment from the picture “The Rebels of 1863”, the work of Artur Grottger, the Polish painter, and the leader of the uprising Zigmantas Sierakauskas.

Design: I. Ratkevičiūtė. Offset. Art paper. Stamp size: 30 x 36 mm.
Edition: 80,000 each stamps. Printed by “Garsų pasaulis“ printing house in Lithuania (Vilnius).

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The uprising of 1863-1864 started in the Lithuanian-Polish Commonwealth against the Russian Empire and its national and social policies. The battles took place in the territories occupied by the Russian Empire: Poland, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and their ethnographic lands in present-day Belarus and Ukraine.

The uprising started on January 22, 1863, therefore it often carries the name of the January Uprising. In Lithuania, the uprising started in March 1863. The tsarist army finally suppressed the armed uprising only in autumn of 1864.

321 battles with the tsarist army took place in Lithuania. In Vilnius military district, the tsarist army consisted of 145,000 troops and 6,000 Cossack mercenaries, many of these troops participated in the suppression of the uprising. The ratio between government and uprising forces in the battles usually was 1:10 or 1:20 in favor of Russia. Tsarist government responded with heavy-handed force suppressing the uprising - more than 21,700 people were executed or sent to prison camps in Siberia.